A Guide to Obtaining a French Driving License for American Expats

French Driving License

Driving in France is an exciting aspect of living in the country, offering the freedom to explore picturesque landscapes and charming villages at your own pace. As an American expat, it’s essential to understand the process of obtaining a French driving license to ensure you’re compliant with local driving regulations. While France has an extensive public transportation system, having a valid driving license provides flexibility and accessibility, especially for those residing in rural areas or planning frequent road trips.

In this in-depth guide to acquiring a French driving license, we will cover vital topics, such as eligibility for license exchange, the application process, potential driving tests, and adjustments to driving on French roads. We’ll also touch upon a few practical tips to ensure a smooth transition to driving in France – from adapting to unique road signs to understanding local traffic laws.

1. Assessing Eligibility for License Exchange

American expats wishing to obtain a French driving license may be eligible for a direct exchange of their current U.S. driver’s license, provided they meet specific criteria:

  • Residence in France for at least six months
  • A valid U.S. driver’s license
  • U.S. driver’s license issued by a state with a reciprocal agreement with France (currently: Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia)

If you’re from a state not listed here or don’t meet the eligibility criteria, you may need to apply for a French driving license and undergo the necessary tests.

2. Exchanging Your U.S. Driver’s License

If you’re eligible for an exchange, follow these steps to obtain your French driving license:

  • Gather required documentation: You’ll need your current U.S. driver’s license, a certified translation, proof of identity, proof of residence in France, and passport-sized photos.
  • Complete the application form: Fill out the Cerfa form (form No. 1267701) “Demande de permis de conduire par échange.”
  • Submit your application: Visit your local Prefecture or send your application by mail. A temporary driving permit (récépissé) may be issued while your new French driving license is being processed.
  • Receive your French driving license: Upon approval, you’ll receive your French driving license, while your U.S. driver’s license will be retained by the Prefecture.

3. Applying for a French Driving License and Taking Tests

If exchanging your U.S. driver’s license isn’t an option, you’ll need to apply for a French driving license. The process involves:

  • Enrolling in a driving school: Most driving schools (auto-écoles) offer classes with English-speaking instructors and translated materials. You’ll need to complete both theory and practical lessons before taking tests.
  • Pass the French driving theory test (Code de la Route): The test consists of multiple-choice questions that assess your knowledge of French traffic laws, road signs, and safety regulations. You may access practice materials online, at driving schools, or through mobile apps.
  • Pass the French driving practical test: This test evaluates your vehicle control, navigation, and adherence to traffic regulations in real-world driving scenarios. You may opt to use an English-speaking examiner.
  • Obtain your French driving license: Upon passing both tests, you’ll receive a probationary driving license (permis de conduire probatoire) valid for three years, which can be converted to a permanent license upon successful completion of the probationary period without incidents.

4. Adapting to Driving in France

Once you’ve secured your French driving license, familiarize yourself with local driving practices and requirements:

  • Drive on the right: Remember that traffic in France drives on the right side of the road, unlike British or Irish roads.
  • Understand road signs: French road signs may differ from those in the United States. Take time to acquaint yourself with these signs and their meanings.
  • Observe speed limits: Speed limits vary based on the type of road, weather conditions, and other factors. Pay close attention to posted speed limits and adjust your driving accordingly.
  • Follow traffic regulations: French traffic laws may differ from those in the United States. Research local driving regulations, such as right-of-way rules, seatbelt requirements, and alcohol limits, to ensure compliance.


Obtaining a French driving license as an American expat allows you to fully experience the beauty and freedom of driving through the breathtaking landscapes and picturesque towns of France. Leveraging our comprehensive guide and the support of French Connections HCB, you can confidently navigate the process of acquiring a French driving license and adapting to the local roadways. Embrace the spirit of adventure that life in France has to offer and explore its beauty on your terms. Reach out to us today to learn more about how we can support you in overcoming the challenges of French bureaucracy and ensuring a seamless transition to your new life in France.

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