The Ins and Outs of Driving in France for American Expats

Driving in France

Driving in France offers a unique and enjoyable way to explore the picturesque landscapes, charming villages, and bustling cities that have charmed many American expats. For those planning to live or spend an extended period in France, gaining a solid understanding of the ins and outs of driving in the country is crucial to ensure a smooth and worry-free experience.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore everything you need to know about driving in France, focusing on essential aspects such as obtaining a French driver’s license, familiarizing yourself with road rules and regulations, and essential tips for American expats to adapt their driving habits accordingly. In addition, we will address important considerations for purchasing or renting a vehicle and what you need to know in the unfortunate event of a traffic collision or violation.

Obtaining Your French Driver’s License

As an American expat planning to drive in France for more than a year or establish residency, you’ll need to exchange your US driver’s license for a French one. The process for converting your license typically requires the following steps:

1. Check Eligibility: Confirm whether your home state has a reciprocal agreement with France for license exchange. If not, you may be required to take a written test and driving exam in France.

As of writing, here is a list of U.S. states that currently have an agreement with France for the exchange of driver’s licenses without testing:

  • Arkansas
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Illinois
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • New Hampshire
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Carolina
  • Texas
  • Virginia
  • Washington State

If you hold a driver’s license in a state not listed above but do not wish to take a French driver’s test, it’s best to contact French Connections HCB to discuss a solution

2. Gather Necessary Documents: You’ll need to provide several documents when applying for a French driver’s license. These include:

  • A certified translation of your US driver’s license
  • Your US license
  • Proof of residency in France
  • Passport-sized photos
  • A medical certificate, if needed

3. Submit Application: Submit your application to your local Prefecture or online through the official French government website.

4. Await License Delivery: A temporary license may be issued while you wait for your French license to be processed and sent.

Getting to Know French Road Rules and Regulations

Before hitting the road in France, familiarize yourself with local road rules and regulations to ensure a safe and compliant journey. Key aspects to remember include:

1. Drive on the Right: Like in the US, traffic in France moves on the right-hand side of the road.

2. Priority to the Right: France follows a unique “priority to the right” system where, at unmarked intersections, drivers must give way to those coming from the right.

3. Speed Limits: Pay close attention to speed limit signs, which vary depending on road type and weather conditions.

4. Seatbelts and Child Safety: Seatbelts are mandatory for all vehicle occupants, and appropriate child seats must be used for children.

5. Alcohol Limits: France enforces strict drink-driving laws with a legal blood alcohol limit of 0.05%. Random breath tests are common, and severe penalties apply to offenders.

6. Safety Equipment: Ensure you carry a warning triangle, high-visibility vest, and breathalyzer kit in your vehicle.

Purchasing or Renting a Vehicle in France

When considering whether to purchase or rent a vehicle in France, American expats should weigh factors such as the duration of their stay, intended usage, and financial considerations. The process for purchasing or renting a vehicle includes:

1. Purchasing a Vehicle: To purchase a car in France, you’ll need to:

  • Provide a valid driver’s license
  • Get vehicle registration paperwork or “carte grise”
  • Insure the vehicle

2. Renting a Vehicle: Expats who only need a car temporarily or want to explore France on vacation can opt for a car rental. When renting, ensure you:

  • Present a valid driver’s license
  • Show proof of insurance coverage
  • Review the rental agreement and any additional fees

Dealing with Traffic Violations and Accidents

Traffic violations and accidents are undesirable yet unavoidable aspects of driving. As an American expat in France, knowing the steps to take in these situations will help mitigate stress and confusion:

1. Traffic Violations: If you receive a traffic fine, it’s essential to pay promptly. Non-payment can result in increased fines or legal issues. Be aware of French traffic laws and follow them diligently to avoid fines or penalties.

2. Road Accidents: In the event of an accident, follow these steps:

  • Stop and ensure the safety of all parties involved
  • Call emergency services if needed
  • Exchange contact and insurance information with other parties involved
  • Complete a European Accident Statement Form, known in France as a “constat amiable”
  • Inform your insurance company immediately


Driving in France as an American expat presents opportunities for exploration and adventure. By understanding the essentials of obtaining a French driving license, familiarizing yourself with road rules and regulations, and being well-prepared for both day-to-day driving and emergency situations, you’ll be equipped for a rewarding and enjoyable driving experience in France. If you need assistance navigating the nuances of the French driving system, French Connections HCB is ready to help. Contact us today for personalized support to ensure a smooth and seamless transition to life on the road in France.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Sign up to our free newsletter for regular admin tips, advice and updates.


Sign up to our free newsletter for regular admin tips, advice and updates.

Copyright © 2023 French Connections HCB | Pôle entreprise Labordeneuve – 32300 Idrac-Respaillès – SAS with a capital of 10 000€ | SIRET N° 88970854100020 |  Privacy Policy

Scroll to Top

See us on stand FR28 - Click below to buy tickets